The objective is to optimize data storage processes. Countries like the United States are working on the development of platforms for solving cases using blockchain technology and statistics as support
Blockchain technology is a source of innovation. Each day it is proposed to be included in more fields of daily and financial life as an ideal system to organize data quickly and accurately in different latitudes of the world. And the Republic of Azerbaijan is not far behind.
The president of the Azerbaijani Internet Forum, Osman Gunduz, reported on November 2nd that the country, located in Western Asia and Europe, plans to use blockchain technology and smart contracts in the country’s legal system, the housing sector and even in the field of public services such as water and electricity.
“It’s about the conversion of existing contracts of citizens who use public services into smart contracts. This will guarantee transparency and allow for the suppression of counterfeiting cases in this area. Citizens themselves will be able to independently control all these processes”.
The justice system sees in blockchain technology the possibility of achieving improvements in the development of different processes, by allowing them to automate in order to save time and be much more efficient in resolving conflicts. They even work in the development of future “courts electronic “.
During the last months, the official information issued around that country talks about the county’s central bank and the IBM Blockchain World Wire working on using the blockchain technology as part of a “digital transformation” for the country. According to Gunduz, however, more time is still needed to put the most advanced ideas into practice.
IBM conducted a survey of 21 central banks together with the Forum of Official Monetary and Financial Institutions (OMFIF) between July and September 2017. The results were published on October 25. The study showed that most global financial institutions believe that central banks should develop digital currencies.
Regarding the use of blockchain technology, a greater use of automation could improve the speed and quality of the performance of tasks such as case auditing.
Automate certain judicial processes is not an utopia in the United States. There, artificial intelligence algorithms are already being used to help some judges determine the level of risk represented by a repeat offender, based on statistics and previous cases as examples.
On the Way to Digital Courts
In the US, Compas, a risk assessment tool used by the Wisconsin Department of Corrections, is used to determine if an offender is a high or low risk to society.
CrowdJury.org is another example of a new judicial system built with blockchain technology. It uses Ethereum’s smart contracts to structure the system and is an example of how the chain of blocks can handle in depth the records of an entire judicial system.
The combination of efficient algorithms to judge cases based on statistics, together with the efficiency of the chain of blocks to record data, would grant transparency, speed and precision to the different processes and “humanize”, in a certain way, the justice system by preventing be overloaded and late for those who are waiting for a trial. In case the automated system makes an error, the digital decisions can be reviewed in a higher court directed by human judges and lawyers who appeal to the verdicts.
In July 2017, China also studied the possibility of using blockchain technology to digitize its judicial system. Meanwhile, the Chancheng district launched the Shaping Club platform, which uses blockchain technology to develop monitoring programs for ex-prisoners and people under probation. The design phase of this platform is completed and the second phase would be ready by the end of this year.
By María Victoria Rodríguez