The Mexican congressman seeks to punish those who misuse AI to cause harm to third parties with 2 to 8 years in prison. Miguel Torruco Garza sent the initiative to the Justice Commission, where it stipulates that AI is the software that is developed using one or more techniques. Torruco Garza admitted that AI can generate negative situations, which must be addressed “and minimized.”

The Mexican representative of the Morena party, Miguel Torruco Garza, proposed adding chapter III called “Criminal Use of Technology Called Artificial Intelligence” to articles 211 of the Federal Penal Code, on the use of AI.

Miguel Torruco Garza will seek to sanction the “misuse” of AI and establish prison sentences of two to eight years, as well as 100 to 800 days of fines for the incorrect use of technologies related to AI. To this end, he proposes adding articles 211 Bis 8 and 211 Bis 9.

Mexican Congressman Seeks to Sanction Those Who Do Harm with AI

The Mexican congressman sent the initiative to the Justice Commission, where he stipulates that AI is the software that is developed using one or several techniques: machine learning strategies, supervised learning, unsupervised language, deep learning, among others.

“2 to 8 years in prison and a fine of 100 to 800 days will be imposed on those who, through the use of AI, generate damage or harm to the public image or reputation of people, commit fraud to the detriment of a natural person.” or moral and falsify official documents, in order to cause any financial damage to the detriment of another person.”

Since 2023, the Mexican Chamber of Deputies and Senate have discussed a framework to regulate various aspects of AI in the country. Months ago, the National Artificial Intelligence Alliance (ANIA) urged the regulation of cybersecurity in AI.

Some of the topics of the tables that were addressed to seek regulation of AI were the following:

  • Public policies and rights.
  • Education and labor markets.
  • Cybersecurity and risk management.
  • Genders, inclusion and social responsibility.
  • Infrastructure and data.
  • Innovation and industry.

Miguel Torruco Garza stated that he seeks to apply prison sentences for those who expose, distribute, reproduce, transmit, market or exchange intimate images, audios or videos of a person or group of people without their consent. He admitted that AI can generate negative situations, which need to be addressed “and minimized” through adequate regulation.

AI Could Cause a Reduction in the Workforce

Torruco Garza mentioned the research titled “The impact of AI: revolution or risk?”, where he talks about the potential risks of AI, such as job displacement, bias and discrimination, as well as privacy, security, dependency, manipulation and misinformation.

Months ago, UNAM academics had warned that the workforce could have a significant impact due to AI. They accused that more than 50% of work in Mexico is prone to automation. In other words, machines and robots could perform some routine jobs.

At the time, José Manuel Márquez Estrada, academic secretary of the UNAM Economic Research Institute, noted the following:

“We are waiting to see what is going to happen, whether this artificial intelligence will come to displace a lot of labor or not, or whether the solution is not to worry, but to think about training, the use of these technologies that do the job more efficient”

Not only in Mexico, 38% of CEOs and managers in Latin America would have invested in generative AI in 2023, it has already helped solve core problems of their businesses, reduce costs and even increase productivity.

By Leonardo Perez


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