The ethical issues raised by the widespread adoption of AI are the subject of global debate. Can an AI chatbot be trusted to behave ethically, and in accordance with the best interests of human users? Researchers have developed a constitution for the cognitive processes of one such chatbot.

As the age of AI progresses, the ethical stakes are high. Anthropic, a startup run by former OpenAI researchers, acknowledges this. In this sense, the company has worked on an ethical “constitution” for their chatbot, Claude, in order to guarantee responsible navigation in the digital world. This bold move combines several principles, addressing the transformative power of AI and the potential risks.

It is interesting to investigate this intriguing “constitution” and its implications for AI. It is also useful to compare Claude, from Anthropic to ChatGPT, from Open AI.

Claude’s Constitution: An Ethical Framework for AI

Borrowing from assorted sources such as the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as Apple’s app development regulations, Claude’s “constitution” is a testament to the creative melding of ethics and technology.

This constitution is not ornamental, it is instrumental. It is the foundation of Claude’s cognitive processes, informing its decision-making processes, and setting boundaries for interactions.

A possible scenario might consist of a computer program reading the Geneva Conventions before deciding to delete a file; this is the kind of ethical due diligence Claude is designed to do.

Another hypothetical situation could find Claude faced with the dilemma of user privacy versus providing a personalized service; in such case, Claude will be guided by the constitution to prioritize user confidentiality, building on the UN’s emphasis on the right to privacy.

It is worth noting that Anthropic’s approach breaks with the traditional paradigm of strict rules, as Claude will not be programmed to simply follow an exhaustive list of do’s and don’ts. Instead, Claude is expected to use reinforcement learning by following embedded ethical principles.

Anthropic aims to apply a pedagogical principle according to which Claude is given an explanation in case of errors and is guided toward more acceptable responses or behaviors. Thus, over time, Claude learns to align its behavior with its ethical makeup.

ChatGPT vs. Claude: A Comparative Study

OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Anthropic’s Claude represent two cutting-edge forays into AI-powered conversation.

Powered by OpenAI’s GPT-3, ChatGPT has no inherent understanding or beliefs but mimics understanding by predicting the next word in a sentence based on context.

Anthropic Claude, on the other hand, not only focuses on generating coherent responses but also adheres to an ethical constitution. Its operation mode leans towards reinforcement learning rather than purely prediction-based responses.

Both ChatGPT and Claude aim for sophisticated and human conversation. They are impressive demonstrations of the potential of AI in understanding and generating languages. Both take advantage of large amounts of training data and powerful algorithms.

The key difference lies in their approach to ethical considerations. ChatGPT, while very advanced, does not have a specific ethical framework to guide its responses. Meanwhile, Claude has a constitution that shapes his interactions, potentially offering a more responsible AI.

While ChatGPT and Claude share a common goal of improving AI conversation, they represent divergent strategies. Their contrasts illuminate fascinating aspects of AI development and the ongoing search for ethical AI.

Clearly, the path to ethical AI involves not only tech giants and startups but also policymakers, ethicists as well as everyday users.

By Audy Castaneda


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